Made of sandstone and most popular up until the early to mid 19th century.  Many are now buried completely, badly erroded or covered in moss or lichen.




Early Plot Markers were made of sandstone and were the most commonly used form of burial monument up until the late 19th century   Often these stones appear not to have been inscribed and generally those that have contain a minimal amount of information. The condition of these memorials can vary quite dramatically.  Wall monuments are less common and tended to be part of larger more grand memorials.  These tend to be well preserved since the majority are inside the Churches themselves and of those outside the greater number are inscribed in marble.


Very rare and made of sandstone Sarcophagus are usually ornately carved and would have been prohibitively expensive in the 18th century.


Obelisks were most popular from the mid 19th to early 20th century.  Made of granite they are generally always in perfect condition and their shape being either round or four-sided meant that other family members could be added to the original monumental inscription.


Headstones have grown in popularity from the late 18th onwards to become the most commonly used form of memorial.  Originally carved in sandstone the majority are now made of granite.  Early sandstone monuments can vary in condition and although the inscriptions can be very well preserved many suffer breakages or complete collapse.



ANGEL WEEPING - Grief and Mourning



HEARTS - Love of God

STARS (5 Pointed) - Originally an Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol meaning rising up towards the point of origin.  Also beleived to represent the struggle between light and darkness.

             (8 Pointed) - Thought to possibly represent the Virgin Mary's crown of stars.


FLOWERS - Meanings can vary from the type of flower to its size.


SKULL - Mortality.

HOUR GLASS - Mortality. The passing of time.

BONES - Normally crossed - Death.

WREATHS OR GARLANDS - Victory in death.

TOOLS - Sign of Trade or Profession.